hypot, hypotf, hypotl - Euclidean distance function
#include <math.h> double hypot(double x, double y); float hypotf(float x, float y); long double hypotl(long double x, long double y);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
These functions return sqrt(
y). This is the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle with sides of length
y, or the distance of the point (
y) from the origin.
The calculation is performed without undue overflow or underflow during the intermediate steps of the calculation.
On success, these functions return the length of a right-angled triangle with sides of length
y is an infinity, positive infinity is returned.
y is a NaN, and the other argument is not an infinity, a NaN is returned.
If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively.
If both arguments are subnormal, and the result is subnormal, a range error occurs, and the correct result is returned.
See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.
The following errors can occur:
errno is set to ERANGE. An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.
These functions do not set
errno for this case.
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
|hypot(), hypotf(), hypotl()||Thread safety||MT-Safe|
C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.
The variant returning
double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD.
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